ESL teachers that employ TEFL methodology in the classroom or online use certain proven teaching methods. They are, in other words, broad methods to teaching English as a second language. As they adapt to the outside world and ever-changing lifestyles and technology, these approaches evolve and alter with time.

The method that you choose for your classroom is dependent on a few things, such as the age of the students, the size of the classroom, and the level of English. One factor that is most commonly overlooked is your preferred teaching style. If you choose a method that goes with your teaching style then you’ll enjoy the class a lot more, and so will the students. In the contemporary classroom, there are five main teaching styles by ESL teachers: The Authority Style, The Delegator Style, The Facilitator Style, The Demonstrator Style, and The Hybrid. Once you are comfortable with your teaching style and outline your teaching strategies, you’ll now be able to make a good decision on which teaching method will work for you while lesson planning. 

Teaching methods also blend in a bit. You’ll find yourself using 2 or 3 methods in the same lesson. In this blog, we’ll run through 7 ESL teaching methods that most teachers are adapting to in 2022.

What are the top 7 TEFL Teaching Methods?

Learner-centered Method

Teachers have a dual role in this instructional technique. They take on the roles of both students and teachers, learning new things every day while delivering the lesson. Both the teacher and the student benefit from the learner-centered approach. Following the class’s discussion, inquiry-based, or discovery tactics is the best approach to adopt this method.

TEFL teaching in class

Content-focused Method

When the topic, set of knowledge, or skill taught by the teachers or experts cannot be changed or updated, the teacher might employ the content-focused technique among the various teaching methodologies. It means that the content to be taught is so crucial or unquestionable that both the learner and the teacher must fit into the subject without questioning it.

Interactive Method

It is a form of teaching style that is seen to be useful to both students and teachers. The teacher’s role is to convey the main points or the importance of using the interactive or participatory approach in general during class so that students do not oppose. This teaching approach employs a variety of tactics, including writing assignments, pair work, discussion, problem-based learning, and situation analysis.

The Discussion Method

Students are prepared to listen to their peers’ points of view and exchange ideas in this two-way communication style. A teacher’s job is to introduce pupils to disciplined group discussion tactics while also clarifying the topic’s notion. This strategy is primarily utilized to take advantage of each student’s knowledge, experience, and creativity. The teacher corrects any errors and clarifies any disputed notions when the conversation is finished.

having a discussion

Online Teaching Method

Online and private tutors have their way of teaching concepts within a certain time limit. Students with jobs mostly use this teaching method to learn during their free time and achieve their desired goals without moving places.

The Demonstration Method

The demonstration technique is a teaching approach in which the teacher must demonstrate something or execute an operation in order for the learner to comprehend profoundly and completely. It could be anything from the operation of a tool or piece of equipment to teaching troubleshooting to completing a specific job or operation. You’ll see this in gamification and beginners’ English lessons. 

The PPP Method

This is the most commonly heard method in the TEFL industry. This method is Presentation, Practice, Production. The teacher presents the target language and then gives students the opportunity to practice it through very controlled activities.

The PPP method of teaching is a popular way to introduce new vocabulary and concepts to students. This is very beneficial in an EFL classroom. In English teaching, the PPP method is a three-step lesson plan and teaching strategy that assists students in learning, understanding, and practicing new vocabulary.

teacher prepped


What is TEFL methodology?

TEFL methodology is a practice where ESL teachers use certain proven methods in the classroom or online. In other words, they are general approaches to teaching English as a foreign language. These methodologies evolve and change with time as they adapt to the outside world and ever-changing lifestyles and technology. 

Keeping up with the times can be tough and that’s why we always suggest that everyone do some bit of CPD (continuous professional development) training throughout their career. There are lots of specialist courses available to help you along the way and the courses themselves evolve and get updated. If you have done a teaching English online course a few years ago, you might consider doing another one as technology has advanced so much. 

What are the 7 teaching methods?

The 7 teaching methods are explained in the blog above. These are methods that we feel work the best with the ESL industry and can be adapted for any type of learning, from vocabulary expansion to grammar skills. 

What is the best method for teaching the English language?

There is no best method for teaching English as a foreign language. This depends on you and your teaching styles. You’ll also need to take into account the age of your students, the level of English being taught, and the size of the classroom. The most common one you’ll hear about is the PPP method. However, here are a few things to avoid when finding out which style best suits you. 

What teaching strategy is the best?

We define a TEFL teaching method as a process, procedure, or way something is done or implementing a plan. While on the other hand, we would say that a teaching strategy is a goal, set of actions, or plans to achieve one aim or something.

Your teaching strategy will be different for each class. To find the best one, you’ll need to first outline the level of English, the age of the students, and the size of the classroom. Some teaching strategies include: 

  • Classroom management: This is number one and has its own strategies and methods within it. Establish class rules on day one of your new classroom. 
  • Flexible seating: Making your students comfortable in the classroom is vital to their learning. Flexible seating will help them with this and ultimately create an effective learning environment.  
  • Active learning: A discussion break in between classes will help keep the students engaged throughout the lesson and create an interactive learning environment. 
  • Response to intervention (RTI): This should be done on day one of the academic year with a new class. Knowing the learning and behavior needs of the students early on will help you decide which teaching methods will work best for the entire class. 
How do you teach primary students?

Primary students or young learners need a unique approach to learning. Normally, they soak up the language a lot faster than your typical adult student. But, they don’t have as good an attention span as adults. Factor this in when choosing your teaching method.

To find out more about how to teach young learners, read this blog that will go into this in detail

What are modern methods to teach English literature?

The literature component in English is aimed at enhancing students’ language proficiency. It is also geared for the purpose of generating the flowery part of the language that is a personal response from students. Some methodologies for this include: 

  • Information-Based Approach: For example, explaining the content of the literature to the class. 
  • Personal-Response Approach: For example, encouraging students to express their feelings about the text. 
  • Language-Based Approach: For example, setting language activities in a literature lesson. 
  • Paraphrastic Approach: For example, rephrase the piece of text in simpler language to help the students understand. 
  • Moral-Philosophical Approach: For example, ask students about the values they’ve learned from the text.
  • Stylistics Approach: For example, getting students to mark any significant linguistic features in the text.

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