TEFL is an acronym for teaching English as a foreign language. Simply put, TEFL teachers teach non-native English speakers to be fluent in English through TEFL methodologies. It covers a wide variety of methods depending on the age range of your students, the class size, the English level, and the students’ country’s standard methods of teaching. A TEFL course will teach you how to teach English to non-native speakers and help you gain the certification to become a TEFL teacher.
Make ESL learning fun with Gamification
Making a classroom fun can be difficult. Gamification can help you get your class from drool to cool! This is the method of using games within a classroom setting to help teach your students. The use of ESL games can have huge benefits for you and your students, and it shouldn’t be overlooked. It can be used for all levels of English and of all ages. Just make sure not to use too much of a young game when teaching adults.
What does it mean by ESL games?
ESL games are essentially games used as activities to learn English as a second language. Nearly every game you know can be implemented to enhance a students’ English skills. As long as the game that you play with the students does in fact improve their English fluency, you can define it as an ESL game.
There is no setlist of games to choose from for your lesson plans, but you will find lists on lists of game suggestions on the internet. The popular ones are popular because they work well with all different sizes of classrooms, are easy to explain in simple terms, and are easily adapted to ESL lesson plans.
Also Read: Last-minute Tricks to Set up Your ESL Lesson Plans for the Day
How do you make an ESL class fun?
When working on a lesson plan, your main priority is to teach English. However, a very close second is to keep the classroom engaged. There are many methods to keep the attention of your students, but one of the most effective is by making the classroom fun.
So, how do you make a classroom fun? This can be through song, quizzes, rhyming, group work, or field trips, but the easiest way to do this is through gamification. Implementing games into your lesson plans is a seriously beneficial way of learning! And bonus points that the time absolutely flies in class.
Why are games important in ESL?
Games have a number of benefits when it comes to teaching English as a second language.
- It will engage the students for the whole hour. They will listen and learn without even thinking about it.
- Your students (and you) will not get tired or bored throughout the lesson. Time does fly and this interactive method keeps away the boredom.
- It enhances the students’ memory. When a learner has fun, they will remember their new vocabulary a lot better. When trying to think about that word or phrase in the future, their memory will trigger through that game.
- Games will build a rapport with your students. They will look forward to your class and be excited to learn. This motivation is needed for learning a language as it’s one of the hardest things people can do.
What are English language games?
English language games are newly made-up games, or recycled from traditional games, with the intent to improve the English language skill of students. Some examples of these are:
- The ESL Bomb Game (explained below)
- Simon Says (great for listening skills)
- Hangman (great for vocabulary and spelling)
- Pictionary (great for vocabulary and speaking skills)
What are the types of language games?
There are many ways and publications for classifications of games. We feel that the Hadfield method explains it the best! As with all categorizations, this one has a bit of overlap.
Sorting, ordering or arranging games
For example, students have a set of cards with different products on them, and they sort the cards into products found at a grocery store and products found at a department store.
Information gap games.
In such games, one or more people have information that other people need to complete a task. For instance, one person might have a drawing and their partner needs to create a similar drawing by listening to the information given by the person with the drawing. Information gap games can involve a one-way information gap, such as the drawing game just described, or a two-way information gap, in which each person has unique information, such as in a Spot-the-Difference task, where each person has a slightly different picture, and the task is to identify the differences.
These are a variety of information gap games. One of the best-known examples of a guessing game is 20 Questions, in which one person thinks of a famous person, place, or thing. The other participants can ask 20 Yes/No questions to find clues to guess who or what the person is thinking of.
These games are yet another variant of two-way information gap games, with everyone giving and seeking information. Find Someone Who is a well-known example. Students are given a grid. The task is to fill in all the cells in the grid with the name of a classmate who fits that cell, e.g., someone who is a vegetarian. Students circulate, asking and answering questions to complete their own grid and help classmates complete theirs.
As the name implies, participants need to find a match for a word, picture, or card. For example, students place 30-word cards, composed of 15 pairs, face down in random order. Each person turns over two cards at a time, with the goal of turning over a matching pair, by using their memory.
These are a form of matching, in that participants match labels and pictures.
In these games, students barter cards, other objects, or ideas. Many card games fall into this category, such as the children’s card game
Scrabble is one of the most popular board games that specifically highlights language.
Roleplay can involve students playing roles that they do not play in real life, such as dentist, while simulations can involve students performing roles that they already play in real life or might be likely to play, such as a customer at a restaurant. Dramas are normally scripted performances, whereas, in role-plays and simulations, students come up with their own words, although preparation is often useful.
How do you play the ESL bomb game?
The bomb game is a fun way to practice vocabulary and fundamental conversation phrases. Before passing the “bomb,” students must recite the target word/phrase. Everyone gets quite thrilled when playing this game, but keep in mind that tensions might rise quickly.
Levels: Can be played by all levels
You will need:
- Something to be handed from student to student, a “bomb.” The go-to for this is normally a light ball.
- A countdown timer (which appears to be present in most classes); the louder the beeper, the better. Smartphones are a good alternative if your classroom doesn’t have a timer.
- Get the students to form a huge circle (or if that is not feasible, just have the bomb go up and down the rows).
- As the teacher, you can start the game (which will also help with the demonstration). Start the timer as you speak.
- The second part of the target dialogue is said by the first student holding the “bomb,” and the “bomb” is passed to the next student. The second student responds to the first and then moves on to the next. Repeat.
- The student with the “bomb” is out when the timer goes off. The faster the student can think of a word or sentence, the less likely this is to happen to them. If you feel like you need to make a rule to say they can’t pass the ball until you say their answer is correct, that’s ok. This may be necessary depending on the students’ level of English.
Examples of target dialogue:
- For beginner levels, you could simply think of a category like “household items” and ask the students to name items.
- For intermediate levels, think of a current event like the Olympics to start a dialogue about it.
- If you are teaching advanced levels, perhaps ask the students to finish your sentence with a transition word and then start their own sentence for the next student to finish the compound sentence with a transition word. This will get them thinking on their toes!
Let’s hope that we’ve answered all of your questions on gamification. If you feel like you need a little more help making lesson plans and implementing ESL games into those plans, there are tons of resources to help you! From us, we suggest the Teaching Young Learners Course, the Lesson Planning guide, and Warmers, Fillers, and Coolers Guide. They are amazing resources to help you with your new career!
This depends on the type of learner you are. People who find the TEFL course easier are those who have a BEd, have recently studied in another sector and are in the zone, or are self-motivated to complete an online course. Unlike other courses, TEFL courses can be quite lenient in terms of repeating the tests, so it can be a little bit of a trial and error scenario. This takes the pressure off a bit and makes it a little easier. The level 5 TEFL course is significantly harder than the 120-hour TEFL course as it’s government-regulated and needs to meet certain standards from the students’ answers.
TEFL is an amazing career and opens a lot of doors for you! Because the industry is so varied, any type of person can be a TEFL teacher. Prefer to work online than abroad or in a classroom? No problem! Want to work part-time while raising a family? Absolutely! Want to travel the world with friends in your 20s while earning money? Why not! TEFL teachers around the globe are normally on western wages, meaning that between currency exchange and cost of living, you’ll be on a premium wage.
Each TEFL course is different with its own agenda on what to teach you. Both the level 5 course and the 120-hour course are your main TEFL qualification that teaches you from basics of methodologies, lesson planning, and classroom management, as well as grammar and pronunciation. These two courses will give you the qualification to be able to teach English as a foreign language. They touch on a range of topics for every scenario. There are also specialist courses that have niche subjects to help you to specialize in certain areas, such as Business English and Exam preparations. Most importantly, TEFL courses give you the opportunity to travel and work abroad or online. They give you freedom and a handy paycheck!
The 120-hour TEFL Courses are equivalent to a UK level 3 qualification. The Level 5 TEFL Course is a UK Level 5 TEFL Course. Check out this comparison chart if you’re not quite sure. Other Level 5 ESL Qualifications include CELTA and TrinityTESOL.
The minimum requirement to become a fully qualified TEFL teacher is the 120-hour TEFL Course. This course starts at entry level so you won’t need any prior training when starting the course. It’s an all-rounder and teaches you the skills you need in virtually every scenario of TEFL teaching. Of course, you can aim higher by enrolling in the Level 5 TEFL course, and there are lots of specialist courses to choose from if you’d like to go into the more lucrative, higher-paid TEFL jobs. If you have no experience in teaching, you might want to consider the 10-hour virtual course which includes teaching practice and will say so on your certificate. This will give you the upper hand against other newly qualified teachers.